Jejak Bugis Makassar Di Negara Siam (Thailand)

Beberapa artikel dan buku sejarah yang terdapat di internet mengenai Bugis Makassar yang berada di Negara Siam pada suatu ketika.

History of the Kingdom of Siam - The Revolt of the Macassar

Eclipses in Siam (now Thailand) - History and Legends
Return to Siam - Meanwhile those left behind under Forbin by the previous expedition had built a fort at Bangkok. Just in time. In 1686 there was an armed uprising against King Narai. This was led by Muslim Macassar refugees under Prince Dai who had left their home – the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, then Celebes, which had been taken over by the Dutch. The Macassars, noted for their seamanship and boats, and also as fierce warriors, were granted asylum in Siam by King Narai. Now they attacked the King's forces. They also surrounded and attacked the French fortress at Bangkok. This was followed soon after by a massacre by Siamese insurgents of the British at Mergui. Lt. Beauregard who had survived being seriously wounded in Bangkok thanks to Forbin stuffing his intestines back and sewing up his slashed belly, was sent to Mergui as governor. With the British driven out of Siam, Phaulkon was isolated from his old friends and dependant on building a new relationship with the French.”

The English Governess At The Siamese Court by Anna Harriette Leonowens
“Meanwhile the king of Johore, then a tributary of Siam, instigated by the Dutch, who, from the first, had watched with jealousy the machinations of the French, sent envoys to P'hra Narai, to advise the extermination or expulsion of the French, and to proffer the aid of his troops; but the proposition was rejected with indignation.

These events were immediately followed by another, known in Siamese history as the Revolt of the Macassars, which materially promoted the ripening of the revolution of which the French had sown the seeds. Celebes, a large, irregular island east of Borneo, includes a district known as Macassar, the ruler of which had been arbitrarily dethroned by the Dutch; and the sons of the injured monarch, taking refuge in Siam, secretly encouraged the growing enmity of the nobles against the French.”

“Captain Udall never left Siam. While he was at Ayutia, a serious rebellion was raised by the natives of Macassar, who had a large settlement in the capital. They were only subdued after several very severe engagements. During the final action Captain Coates was drowned in a marsh, and Captain Udall fell, fighting bravely. Four Frenchmen were also killed. Phaulkon, who was no coward, also took a personal part in this action, and would have lost his life had not a “strong black Cafer flung him into the river and swam with him to a boat.” In the end, the Macassars were subdued, but not till most of them were dead. Those who were captured were buried alive.”

The Role of Chularajmontri/Shaikh al-Islam in Resolving Ethno-religious Conflict in Southern Thailand - The Human Security Dimension
Islam in Thailand - Islam came to Thailand from three directions from the South, Central and North. It first arrived in southern Thailand in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries C.E. when it was brought by the Arab traders. Secondly, Islam arrived in Central Thailand during the Sukhothai period when Persian, Arab and India traders visited Siam. And they were also present in the court of  Ayudhya. The Persian Shia Muslims played an influential role in  the court of Ayudhya.  The Cham Muslims migrated to Ayudhya due to the collapse of the Champa kingdom in 1491. While Indonesian Macassar Muslims settled in Ayudhya following the Dutch conquest of Macassar between 1666–1669 C.E. Thirdly, the Indian, Bengali and Chinese Muslims arrived in the North of Thailand between the 1870s and 1890s.”